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Development of an efficient method for the preparative isolation and purification of chlorophyll a from a marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium carterae by high-speed counter-current chromatography coupled with reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography

Long, Lijuan, Song, Yang, Wu, Jun, Lei, Li, Huang, Kai, Long, Benwen
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry 2006 v.386 no.7-8 pp. 2169-2174
Amphidinium, chlorophyll, countercurrent chromatography, ethyl acetate, hexane, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography, silica gel, solvents, stable isotopes
In our research into chlorophylls of marine dinoflagellates, chlorophyll a was separated rapidly from the hexane extract of Amphidinium carterae in three steps. The first step was silica gel column chromatography, where elution was performed with 0–50% ethyl acetate in n-hexane. The second was high-speed counter-current chromatography using a two-phase solvent system consisting of n-hexane–ethyl acetate–methanol–water (5:5:5:1, v/v), and the third step was preparative reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography using a solvent system of acetone–water (89:11, v/v). HPLC analysis showed that the purity of chlorophyll a from the second step was over 83%, and after the third it was over 99%. Thirty milligrams of chlorophyll a was isolated from a crude sample of 250 mg of chlorophylls, and its structure was identified by analyzing its MS, ¹H NMR and ¹³C NMR spectra.