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A Revision of the Neotropical genera Molynocoelia Giglio-Tos, Pseudophorellia Lima, and Alujamyia, n. gen. (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Norrbom, Allen L.
Israel journal of entomology 2005-2006 v.35-36 pp. 35
Tephritidae, fruit flies, insect pests, plant pests, taxonomic revisions, new genus, insect taxonomy, taxonomic keys, insect morphology, tropics, Mexico, Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Guatemala, Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Costa Rica, Colombia
The genera Molynocoelia Giglio-Tos and Pseudophorellia Lima are revised, and the new genus Alujamyia is described. These three genera are here recognized as the Molynocoelia group. All three genera are restricted to the Neotropical Region. Alujamyia includes four species from the Greater Antilles and northern Mesoamerica: A. bella, n. sp. (Mexico); A. farri, n. sp. (Cuba, Jamaica); A. isolata, n. sp. (Hispaniola, Puerto Rico); and A. sexvittata, n. sp. (Guatemala, Mexico). Molynocoelia includes four species from Mesoamerica and Brazil: M. grossa, n. sp. (Costa Rica); M. lutea Giglio-Tos (Mexico to Costa Rica); M. separata, n. sp. (Costa Rica); and M. plumosa, n. sp. (Brazil). Pseudophorellia includes 25 species from Hispaniola and Mexico to Bolivia: P. acrostichalis, n. sp. (Bolivia); P. antica, n. sp. (Costa Rica); P. anypsilon, n. sp. (Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama); P. bipunctata, n. sp. (Ecuador); P. brevilobata, n. sp. (Peru); P. confluens, n. sp. (Venezuela); P. decora, n. sp. (Costa Rica); P. diffusa, n. sp. (Costa Rica); P. distincta, n. sp. (Colombia); P. enkerlini, n. sp. (southern Mexico, Costa Rica); P. fenestrata, n. sp. (Panama); P. flavicauda, n. sp. (Colombia); P. flavida, n. sp. (Dominican Republic); P. fuscoapicata, n. sp. (Panama); P. hansoni, n. sp. (Costa Rica); P. maculata Lima (Brazil); P. marginata, n. sp. (Ecuador); P. quadricincta, n. sp. (Costa Rica, Panamá); P. reducta, n. sp. (Brazil); P. semilunata, n. sp. (Panama); P. setosa, n. sp. (Costa Rica); P. stonei Lima (Panamá); P. tica, n. sp. (Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Panama); P. tristeza, n. sp. (Surinam); and P. vespiformis, n. sp. (Venezuela). Keys to the species of each genus are provided, as are illustrations of pertinent diagnostic characters for all species. Phylogenetic relationships of the Molynocoelia group are analyzed. The group may be most closely related to the Paleotropical genera Callistomyia and Alincocallistomyia, and this larger clade is possibly related to the Toxotrypanini or Adramini. A cladistic analysis supports the Molynocoelia group, with Alujamyia, Molynocoelia, and Pseudophorellia as monophyletic taxa, and tests hypotheses of relationships among the species within each genus.