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DNA diversity of human populations from Eastern Europe and Siberia studied by multilocus DNA fingerprinting

Shabrova, E. V., Khusnutdinova, E. K., Tarskaia, L. A., Mikulich, A. I., Abolmasov, N. N., Limborska, S. A.
Molecular genetics and genomics 2004 v.271 no.3 pp. 291-297
DNA, DNA fingerprinting, bacteriophages, genes, genetic relationships, genetic variation, humans, multidimensional scaling, multivariate analysis, nationalities and ethnic groups, Eastern European region, Siberia
We used DNA fingerprinting with M13 phage DNA as a probe to estimate the degree of genomic variability and genetic relationships in a heterogeneous group of 13 populations from Eastern Europe and Siberia. The popultaions belong to three language families: Indo-European (Slavonic: Russians, Byelorussians), Uralic (Finno-Ugric: Maris, Mordvinians, Udmurts), and Altaic (Turkic: Bashkirs, Tatars, Chuvashes, Yakuts). Multivariate statistical analyses were used (multidimensional scaling, cluster, and multiple correspondence analyses), and coefficients of gene differentiation (Gst’) were evaluated. The level of interpopulation subdivision in the various ethnic groups appeared to be different: the Byelorussian populations revealed no regional differences, in contrast to the Bashkir populations, which formed a heterogeneous group. The populations subdivided into three general clusters: Slavonic populations formed a separate tight cluster characterized by a minimal level of interpopulation diversity, Bashkir and Yakut populations formed the second cluster, and the Finno-Ugric and several populations of the Turkic linguistic groups formed the third cluster. The robustness of these results obtained by different statistical data treatments reveals that multilocus DNA fingerprinting can be reliably used for population studies.