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Enhancing our understanding of anatomical diversity in Tomentella ectomycorrhizas: characterization of six new morphotypes
- Jakucs, Erzsébet, Erős-Honti, Zsolt, Seress, Diána, Kovács, Gábor M.
- Mycorrhiza 2015 v.25 no.6 pp. 419-429
- Fagus, Tomentella, databases, ectomycorrhizae, forests, internal transcribed spacers, mycorrhizal fungi, phylogeny, ribosomal DNA, Hungary
- Ectomycorrhizas (ECM) formed by Tomentella species (Thelephorales, Basidiomycota) were collected in beech forests of Hungary and studied using anatomical and molecular phylogenetic methods. The mycobionts were identified by analysing the sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA) internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions together with sequences obtained from public databases. At the sampling plots, we found the occurrence of 11 Tomentella morphotypes. Among these, six morphotypes (four identified, Tomentella atroarenicolor, Tomentella bryophila, Tomentella lapida, Tomentella subclavigera, and two unidentified) were morpho-anatomically characterized for the first time. Although the six morphotypes differed anatomically from each other and from Tomentella ectomycorrhizas described previously, they shared anatomical features common to tomentelloid ectomycorrhizas fungi. These results expand our understanding of the diversity of this widely distributed ectomycorrhizal genus.