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Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes in apple juice with gaseous ozone
- Choi, Mi-Ran, Liu, Qian, Lee, Sun-Young, Jin, Ju-Hwan, Ryu, Sangryeol, Kang, Dong-Hyun
- Food microbiology 2012 v.32 no.1 pp. 191-195
- Salmonella Typhimurium, ozone, apple juice, food pathogens, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli O157, Weibull statistics
- This research was initiated to assess the efficacy of gaseous ozone for inactivation Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes in apple juice. Juice samples with solids content of 18, 36, and 72 °Brix inoculated with a culture cocktail of three foodborne pathogens were treated with gaseous ozone at a flow rate of 3.0 L/min and an ozone generation rate of 0.10, 0.90, 3.51, and 5.57 g/h for 0.5, 1, 5, and 10 min, respectively. The inactivation kinetics of gaseous ozone on foodborne pathogens conformed to the Weibull model. The time required to achieve a 5 log reduction (t₅d) was estimated using the parameters of the Weibull model. The t₅d increased with increasing solids content of apple juice. The ozone generation rate did not impart a significant effect (p > 0.05) on t₅d. Gaseous ozone is effective at inactivating foodborne pathogens in apple juice but the efficacy is dependent on the solids content of the juice sample.