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Apical and basolateral 4F2hc and the amino acid exchange of L-DOPA in renal LLC-PK1 cells

Soares-da-Silva, P., Serrão, M. P.
Amino acids 2005 v.29 no.3 pp. 213-219
L-dopa, carbon, glycoproteins, messenger RNA, oligonucleotides, radionuclides
The present study aimed to examine the presence and define the role of 4F2hc, a glycoprotein associated with the LAT2 amino acid transporter, in L-DOPA handling by LLC-PK₁ cells. For this purpose we have measured the activity of the apical and basolateral inward and outward transport of [¹⁴C] L-DOPA in cell monolayers and examined the influence of 4F2hc antisense oligonucleotides on [¹⁴C] L-DOPA handling. The basal-to-apical transepithelial flux of [¹⁴C] L-DOPA progressively increased with incubation time and was similar to the apical-to-basal transepithelial flux. The spontaneous and the L-DOPA-stimulated apical fractional outflow of [¹⁴C] L-DOPA were identical to that through the basal cell side. The L-DOPA-induced fractional outflow of [¹⁴C] L-DOPA through the apical or basal cell side was accompanied by marked decreases in intracellular levels of [¹⁴C] L-DOPA. In cells treated with an antisense oligonucleotide complementary to 4F2hc mRNA for 72 h, [¹⁴C] L-DOPA inward transport and 4F2hc expression were markedly reduced. Treatment with the 4F2hc antisense oligonucleotide markedly decreased the spontaneous fractional outflow of [¹⁴C] L-DOPA through the apical or the basal cell side. It is likely that the Na⁺-independent and pH-sensitive uptake of L-DOPA include the hetero amino acid exchanger LAT2/4F2hc, which facilitates the trans-stimulation of L-DOPA and its outward transfer at both the apical and basal cell sides.