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Integration of Transcriptomic and Proteomic Approaches Provides a Core Set of Genes for Understanding of Scallop Attachment

Miao, Yan, Zhang, Lingling, Sun, Yan, Jiao, Wenqian, Li, Yangping, Sun, Jin, Wang, Yangfan, Wang, Shi, Bao, Zhenmin, Liu, Weizhi
Marine biotechnology 2015 v.17 no.5 pp. 523-532
amino acid sequences, genes, life history, post-translational modification, proteins, proteomics, scallops, sequence homology, transcriptome, transcriptomics
Attachment is an essential physiological process in life histories of many marine organisms. Using a combination of transcriptomic and proteomic approach, scallop byssal proteins (Sbps) and their associated regulatory network genes were investigated for the first time. We built the first scallop foot transcriptome library, and 75 foot-specific genes were identified. Through integration of transcriptomic-proteomic approach, seven unique Sbps were identified. Of them, three showed significant amino acid sequence homology to known proteins. In contrast, the rest did not show significant protein matches, indicating they are possibly novel proteins. Our transcriptomic and proteomic analyses also suggest that post-translational modification may be one of the significant features for Sbps as well. Taken together, our study provides the first multidimensional collection of a core set of genes that may be potentially involved in scallop byssal attachment.