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Major Histocompatibility Complex Class IIB Allele Polymorphism and Its Association with Resistance/Susceptibility to Vibrio anguillarum in Japanese Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)
- Zhang, Y. X., Chen, S. L., Liu, Y. G., Sha, Z. X., Liu, Z. J.
- Marine biotechnology 2006 v.8 no.6 pp. 600-610
- 3' untranslated regions, 5' untranslated regions, Paralichthys olivaceus, Vibrio anguillarum, alleles, amino acids, clones, complementary DNA, disease resistance, flounder, major histocompatibility complex, nucleotides, open reading frames, phylogeny
- The full length of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class IIB cDNA was cloned from a Chinese population of Paralichthys olivaceus by homology cloning and rapid amplification of cDNA ends-polymerase chain reaction (RACE-PCR). The MHC IIB genomic sequence is 1,864 bp long and consists of 34-bp 5′UTR, 741-bp open reading frame, 407-bp 3′UTR, 96-bp intron1, 392-bp intron2, 85-bp intron3, and 109-bp intron4. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the putative MHC class IIB amino acid of the Chinese P. olivaceus shared 28.3% to 85.4% identity with that of the reported MHC class IIB in other species. A significant association between MHC IIB polymorphism and disease resistance/susceptibility was found in Chinese P. olivaceus. Thirteen different MHC IIB alleles were identified among 411 clones from 84 individuals. Among the 280 (268) nucleotides, 32 (11.4%) nucleotide positions were variable. Most alleles such as alleles a, b, c, d, e, f, j, k, i, m were commonly found in both resistant and susceptible stock. Via χ² test, allele d was significantly more prevalent in individuals from susceptible stock than from resistant stock, and their percentages were 23.80% and 7.14%, respectively. In addition, allele g occurred in 9 and allele h in 4 of 42 resistant individuals that were not present in the susceptible stock; their percentages were 21.4% and 9.52%, respectively. Although allele l was found only in 8 individuals from the susceptible stock, its percentage is 19.05%.