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Viscoelastic properties of poly(butylene terephthalate)/poly(ethylene naphthalate) blends

Bong Jung, Dylan Dae, Bhattacharyya, Debes, Easteal, Allan J.
Journal of materials science 2005 v.40 no.18 pp. 4775-4783
Taguchi method, equations, ethylene, experimental design, injection molding, melting, stress relaxation, temperature, viscoelasticity
Melt blends of poly(butylene terephalate) (PBT) and poly(ethylene naphthalate) (PEN) with 30 and 60 wt% PEN were prepared using a single screw extruder and an injection moulding machine. Stress relaxation tests for the specimens of PBT/PEN blends and the homopolymers were carried out using an Instron testing machine in an Instron environmental chamber. The Taguchi method of experimental design analysed how different levels of temperature, PEN content and initial stress affected the relaxation behaviour of PBT/PEN blends and homopolymers. From the response tables and analyses of main and interaction effects, it was shown that the most significant factor was temperature, followed by PEN content and then the initial stress. Consequently, high temperature, low PEN content and high initial stress speeded up stress relaxation rate of specimens. Interaction effects between factors were insignificant.To fit the relaxation curves of the PBT/PEN blends and the homopolymers at different temperatures, PEN contents and the initial stresses, four different equations were attempted with Matlab™, which determined the coefficients of these functions using the experimental data of stress change with time. The simulated curves from the most suitable function among them were shown using the calculated coefficients to predict the relaxation behaviour of PBT/PEN blends (50% PEN) at temperatures of 30 and 60°C with an initial stress of 7 MPa.