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Studies on ‘zinc deficiency syndrome’ in Black Bengal goats (Capra hircus) fed with fodder (Andropogon gayanus) grown on soil treated with an excess of calcium and phosphorus fertilizer

Ray, S.K., Roychoudhury, R., Bandopadhyayi, S.K., Basu, S.
Veterinary research communications 1997 v.21 no.8 pp. 541-546
Andropogon gayanus, Bengal (goat breed), Capra hircus, alopecia, anorexia, atrophy, blood, body weight changes, bucks, calcium, dietary mineral supplements, epithelium, forage, gait, goats, hyperplasia, keratin, nutrient deficiencies, phosphorus fertilizers, rearing, seminiferous tubules, soil, superphosphate, zinc, zinc sulfate
Overliming and excessive application of superphosphate caused a zinc deficiency in the soil and so reduced the uptake of zinc by fodder plants. Bucks reared on such fodder had significantly (p<0.01) less zinc in their hair compared with controls and suffered from ‘conditioned zinc deficiency syndrome’ with a significant (p<0.01) loss of body weight, stunted growth, alopecia, lethargy, abnormal (kyphotic) gait, anorexia, digestive and respiratory problems. Oral supplementation with zinc sulphate very rapidly improved these conditions to near normality. Histological examination of samples of skin and testis from the zinc-deficient bucks revealed formation of excessive keratin, retention of nuclei in the stratum corneum and reduction in the width of the stratum granulosum in the skin, while samples of testis indicated degenerative changes, including atrophy of the seminiferous tubules, hyperplasia of the germinal epithelium and thickening of the walls of blood ve ssels.