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Trace Element Emissions from some Cement Plants in Turkey

Kalafatoğlu, Ersan, Örs, Nuran, Sain Özdemir, Sibel, Munlafalioğlu, Ismet
Water, air, and soil pollution 2001 v.129 no.1-4 pp. 91-100
air pollution, air quality, antimony, arsenic, barium, beryllium, bismuth, cadmium, cement, chromium, cobalt, copper, emissions, industry, lead, mercury, molybdenum, nickel, selenium, strontium, tellurium, vanadium, zinc
The cement industry has been one of the major sources of air pollution in the past and the Turkish Air Quality Protection Regulation has issued limits also to trace elementemissions to minimise the polluting effects of this industrialsector. In the present study, dust samples were obtained isokinetically from 18 main stacks of 10 cement plants locatedin different geographical areas of Turkey. The samples were analysed for trace elements Hg, Cd, Cr, Pb, Ni, Se, Te, TI, V, Sb, Ba, Zn, Co, Sr, Cu, Bi, Mo, Be, and As. The results are presented both as concentration in the dust samples as well as emissions per unit production, and concentration inthe stack gas. The trace element emissions of the main stacksagree to great extent with the values given in the literature. On the other hand, the trace element emissions of the plants considered are well below the limits set in the Turkish Air Quality Protection Regulation.