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Evaluation of the concentrations and distribution of carbonyl compounds in selected areas of a Brazilian bus terminal

de Mendonça Ochs, Soraya, de Almeida Furtado, Leonardo, Pereira Netto, Annibal Duarte
Environmental science and pollution research international 2015 v.22 no.12 pp. 9413-9423
acetaldehyde, baking, carbonyl compounds, fermentation, formaldehyde, liquid chromatography, pastries, pollution, yeasts, Brazil
This study describes the determination of 30 carbonyl compounds (CCs) in three areas (bus boarding platform, passenger circulation area, and a pastry shop) of the Presidente João Goulart Bus Terminal, located at Niterói City, RJ, Brazil, and in an open area 700 m distant from the terminal. Samples were collected using SEP-PAK cartridges impregnated with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine, during May to July 2012. The hydrazones formed were analyzed using rapid resolution liquid chromatography with UV detection. The studied locations showed distinct profiles of distribution of CC. The circulation area, which is influenced by different pollution sources, presented an intermediate profile between that of the pastry shop and boarding platform. Formaldehyde and acetaldehyde were the most abundant CC, but acetaldehyde predominated in the pastry shop once it is a by-product of baking yeast fermentation. Samples taken in the pastry shop and circulation area showed significant concentrations of hexanaldehyde and nonanaldehyde emitted during cooking. The pastry shop showed the largest level of total CC among the studied areas followed by the circulation area, the boarding platform, and the open area.