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Ovicidal and larvicidal activity of crude extracts of Melia azedarach against Haemonchus contortus (Strongylida)

Kamaraj, Chinnaperumal, Rahuman, Abdul Abdul, Bagavan, Asokan, Mohamed, Mohamed Jamal, Elango, Gandhi, Rajakumar, Govindasamy, Zahir, Abdul Abduz, Santhoshkumar, Thirunavukkarasu, Marimuthu, Sampath
Parasitology research 2010 v.106 no.5 pp. 1071-1077
Haemonchus contortus, Melia azedarach, anthelmintics, eggs, goats, hatching, larval development, leaf extracts, leaves, medicinal plants, sheep
The rapid development of anthelmintic resistance, associated with the high cost of the available anthelmintic drugs, has limited the success of gastrointestinal nematodiosis control in sheep and goats and thus created interest in studying medicinal plants as an alternative source of anthelmintics. The aim of this study was carried out to evaluate the anthelmintic activity of the leaves and seed aqueous and hydro-alcoholic extracts of Melia azedarach L. (Meliaceae) were tested for in vitro ovicidal and larvicidal activity against Haemonchus contortus (Strongylida). Both extracts were evaluated at five concentrations: 12.5, 6.2, 3.12, 1.56, and 0.78 mg/ml. The leaves aqueous and hydro-alcoholic extracts inhibited 99.4% and 100% of the egg hatching and 100% of larval development at 12.5 mg/ml, respectively. In a similar way, the leaves hydro-alcoholic extract was the most active on egg inhibition (ED ₅₀ = 1.97 and ED ₉₀ = 5.05 mg/ml), leaves and seed aqueous and hydro-alcoholic extracts showed the best inhibition of larval development (ED ₅₀ = 3.01, 2.43, 3.17, 2.40, and ED ₉₀ = 10.53, 8.14, 11.94, and 8.19 mg/ml), respectively. These results suggest that utilization of M. azedarach extracts is useful in the control of H. contortus.