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Effects of Supplemental Acerola Juice on the Mineral Concentrations in Liver and Kidney Tissue Samples of Mice Fed with Cafeteria Diet

Leffa, Daniela Dimer, dos Santos, Carla Eliete Iochims, Daumann, Francine, Longaretti, Luiza Martins, Amaral, Livio, Dias, Johnny Ferraz, da Silva, Juliana, Andrade, Vanessa Moraes
Biological trace element research 2015 v.167 no.1 pp. 70-76
X-radiation, acerolas, antioxidants, ascorbic acid, cafeteria foods, cafeterias, dietary supplements, energy content, juices, kidneys, lipid metabolism, liver, males, mice, mineral content, minerals, oxidative stress, rutin, supermarkets
We evaluated the impact of a supplemental acerola juice (unripe, ripe, and industrial) and its main pharmaceutically active components on the concentrations of minerals in the liver and kidney of mice fed with cafeteria diet. Swiss male mice were fed with a cafeteria (CAF) diet for 13 weeks. The CAF consisted of a variety of supermarket products with high energy content. Subsequently, animals received one of the following food supplements for 1 month: water, unripe acerola juice, ripe acerola juice, industrial acerola juice, vitamin C, or rutin. Mineral concentrations of the tissues were determined by particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE). Our study suggests that the simultaneous intake of acerola juices, vitamin C, or rutin in association with a hypercaloric and hyperlipidic diet provides change in the mineral composition of organisms in the conditions of this study, which plays an important role in the antioxidant defenses of the body. This may help to reduce the metabolism of the fat tissue or even to reduce the oxidative stress.