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Screening Potato Cultivars for new Sources of Resistance to Potato virus Y

Rowley, Jenny S., Gray, Stewart M., Karasev, Alexander V.
American journal of potato research 2015 v.92 no.1 pp. 38-48
Potato virus A, Potato virus Y, cultivars, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, genes, genetic background, genomics, hypersensitive response, inoculum, potatoes, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, screening, viruses, United States
Potato virus Y (PVY) strains have been defined based on genetic reactions in potato indicators expressing hypersensitive reaction (HR) response due to the presence of three different N genes, and also based on genomic information. Nine strains are known currently, with five PVY strains defined biologically, PVYᴼ, PVYC, PVYZ, PVYᴺ, and PVYᴱ. The genetic background of the majority of North American potato cultivars has so far been poorly characterized for the presence of N genes inducing HR towards different PVY strains. Here, the HR response was studied in eight potato cultivars, elicited by five strains of PVY circulating in North America. These PVY isolates included representative isolates of PVYᴺ⁻ᵂⁱ, PVYᴺᴬ⁻ᴺ, PVYᴼ, PVYZ, and PVYᴺ strains. Potato cultivars tested included Russet Burbank, Russet Norkotah, Shepody, Ranger Russet, Western Russet, Alturas, Rio Grande Russet, and Yukon Gem, grown in the U.S., and standard indicators Desiree and Maris Bard with the known genetic background. Three additional strains, PVYᴺ:ᴼ, PVY-NE11, and PVYᴱ, were tested on Yukon Gem. Virus-free potato plants were mechanically inoculated with PVY inoculum, and local and systemic foliar symptoms were observed for 8 weeks post-inoculation under different climate-controlled conditions. Virus status of the inoculated plants was tested starting at 3 weeks post-inoculation, by serotype-specific ELISA and RT-PCR, in order to monitor successful infections and confirm the identity of the inoculated PVY isolate. This systematic approach allowed us to identify Ny ₜbᵣ and Nz ₜbᵣ genes present in several North American cultivars. Two more new, putative N genes were postulated to be expressed in the cultivar Yukon Gem, and one additional putative N gene was postulated to be expressed in two cultivars, Yukon Gem and Rio Grande Russet. These N genes may represent valuable sources of resistance against multiple strains of PVY.