Jump to Main Content
Specific antibody for pesticide residue determination produced by antibody-pesticide complex
- Liu, Yi H., Chen, Jian, Wang, Chun M., Guo, Yi R., Liang, Xiao, Zhu, Guo N.
- Journal of environmental science and health 2010 v.45 no.6 pp. 540
- parathion, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, antigen-antibody complex, monoclonal antibodies, polyclonal antibodies, haptens, pesticide residues
- A new method for specific antibody production was developed using antibody (Ab)-pesticide complex as a unique immunogen. Parathion (PA) was the targeted pesticide, and rabbit polyclonal antibody (Pab) and mouse monoclonal antibody (Mab) were used as carrier proteins. The Ab-PA complexes were generated by conjugating the two antibodies with an excessive dosage of PA. It was shown that the sensitivity of homologous enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using the new antibodies was similar to that using original antibodies. However, the new mouse Pab had not only similar positive recognizing spectrum as the original Mab, but also a significantly improved sensitivity in heterologous ELISA when some recognizable competitors were applied. IC50 value of ELISA based on a combination of the new mouse Pab and hapten 9 was 0.24 ng/mL, which was 445.54 times as that of the homologous ELISA. An Ab-pesticide complex may be a suitable alternative immunogen for producing highly specific antibody to improve the immunoassay sensitivity.