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Effect of temperature and salinity on hatching and larval survival of yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares

Kim, Yang-Su, Delgado, Darys Isabel, Cano, Ing. Amado, Sawada, Yoshifumi
Fisheries science 2015 v.81 no.5 pp. 891-897
Thunnus albacares, eggs, fasting, hatching, larvae, salinity, temperature
Effects of temperature and salinity on hatching rate and normal larval rate at hatching, and survival of fasting larvae after hatching (survival activity index; SAI) were investigated using spontaneously spawned eggs of captive yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares, YFT). Within the range of experimental temperatures, 23–35 °C, at 32 psu salinity, hatching and normal larval rates and SAI were highest at 23 and 26 °C. In the experiment exploring the most suitable salinity within the range 23–38 psu, 35 and 38 psu gave the highest hatching rate and normal larval rate; however, SAI was highest at 26 psu. The results of multi-factor experiments in each temperature (23, 26, and 29 °C) with each salinity (32, 35, and 38 psu) indicated interactive effects of temperature and salinity on the three indices and within the experimental ranges gave an optimal combination of 23 °C and 38 psu for YFT hatching and survival.