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Biodegradation of waste lubricants by a newly isolated Ochrobactrum sp. C1

Author:
Bhattacharya, Munna, Biswas, Dipa, Sana, Santanu, Datta, Sriparna
Source:
3 Biotech 2015 v.5 no.5 pp. 807-817
ISSN:
2190-572X
Subject:
Ochrobactrum, aromatic hydrocarbons, biodegradation, bioremediation, culture media, emulsifying, experimental design, lubricants, oils, pH, pollutants, polluted soils, ribosomal RNA, sequence analysis, steel, temperature, wastes, India
Abstract:
A potential degrader of paraffinic and aromatic hydrocarbons was isolated from oil-contaminated soil from steel plant effluent area in Burnpur, India. The strain was investigated for degradation of waste lubricants (waste engine oil and waste transformer oil) that often contain EPA (Environmental Protection Agency, USA) classified priority pollutants and was identified as Ochrobactrum sp. C1 by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The strain C1 was found to tolerate unusually high waste lubricant concentration along with emulsification capability of the culture broth, and its degradation efficiency was 48.5 ± 0.5 % for waste engine oil and 30.47 ± 0.25 % for waste transformer oil during 7 days incubation period. In order to get optimal degradation efficiency, a three level Box–Behnken design was employed to optimize the physical parameters namely pH, temperature and waste oil concentration. The results indicate that at temperature 36.4 °C, pH 7.3 and with 4.6 % (v/v) oil concentration, the percentage degradation of waste engine oil will be 57 % within 7 days. At this optimized condition, the experimental values (56.7 ± 0.25 %) are in a good agreement with the predicted values with a calculated R ² to be 0.998 and significant correlation between biodegradation and emulsification activity (E ₂₄ = 69.42 ± 0.32 %) of the culture broth toward engine oil was found with a correlation coefficient of 0.972. This is the first study showing that an Ochrobactrum sp. strain is capable of degrading waste lubricants, which might contribute to the bioremediation of waste lubricating oil-contaminated soil.
Agid:
4407118