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Seroprevalence of Babesiosis and Anaplasmosis in Apparently Healthy Large Ruminants of Punjab, India

Filia, Gursimran, Mahajan, Vishal, Bal, Mandeep Singh, Leishangthem, Geeta Devi, Singh, Amarjit
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India, Section B: biological sciences 2015 v.85 no.3 pp. 885-888
Anaplasma marginale, Babesia bigemina, anaplasmosis, antibodies, antigens, babesiosis, blood serum, buffaloes, cattle, cattle diseases, disease control, enzootic diseases, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, mixed infection, seroprevalence, India
Bovine babesiosis and anaplasmosis are two important enzootic, tick-borne diseases of cattle in India. The present study reports the seroprevalence of Babesia bigemina and Anaplasma marginale infection in bovines from different district of Punjab, India. A total of 184 serum samples from six districts of Punjab were evaluated for the presence of antibodies to both the parasitic antigens using a commercially available enzyme linked immunosorbent assay kit. The overall seroprevalence of B. bigemina and A. marginale was 30.9 and 20.6 % respectively, out of which cattle (46 and 31.3 %) showed more prevalence than the buffaloes (5.8 and 2.9 %). A co-infection percentage of 14.1 (24 cattle and 2 buffaloes) were also observed. These results may serve as a support either in prevention or control of the diseases.