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Seroprevalence of Babesiosis and Anaplasmosis in Apparently Healthy Large Ruminants of Punjab, India

Author:
Filia, Gursimran, Mahajan, Vishal, Bal, Mandeep Singh, Leishangthem, Geeta Devi, Singh, Amarjit
Source:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India, Section B: biological sciences 2015 v.85 no.3 pp. 885-888
ISSN:
0369-8211
Subject:
Anaplasma marginale, Babesia bigemina, anaplasmosis, antibodies, antigens, babesiosis, blood serum, buffaloes, cattle, cattle diseases, disease control, enzootic diseases, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, mixed infection, seroprevalence, India
Abstract:
Bovine babesiosis and anaplasmosis are two important enzootic, tick-borne diseases of cattle in India. The present study reports the seroprevalence of Babesia bigemina and Anaplasma marginale infection in bovines from different district of Punjab, India. A total of 184 serum samples from six districts of Punjab were evaluated for the presence of antibodies to both the parasitic antigens using a commercially available enzyme linked immunosorbent assay kit. The overall seroprevalence of B. bigemina and A. marginale was 30.9 and 20.6 % respectively, out of which cattle (46 and 31.3 %) showed more prevalence than the buffaloes (5.8 and 2.9 %). A co-infection percentage of 14.1 (24 cattle and 2 buffaloes) were also observed. These results may serve as a support either in prevention or control of the diseases.
Agid:
4407948