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A framework of numerical simulation on moraine-dammed glacial lake outburst floods
- Zhang, Xiujuan, Liu, Shiyin
- Journal of Arid Land 2015 v.7 no.6 pp. 728-740
- arid lands, disasters, floods, human communities, hydrograph, infrastructure, lakes, livelihood, mathematical models, uncertainty, watersheds, China
- Glacial outburst floods (GLOFs) in alpine regions tend to be relatively complicated, multi-stage catastrophes, capable of causing significant geomorphologic changes in channel surroundings and posing severe threats to infrastructure and the safety and livelihoods of human communities. GLOF disasters have been observed and potential hazards can be foreseen due to the newly formed glacial lakes or the expansion of existing ones in the Poiqu River Basin in Tibet, China. Here we presented a synthesis of GLOF-related studies including triggering mechanism(s), dam breach modeling, and flood routing simulation that have been employed to reconstruct or forecast GLOF hydrographs. We provided a framework for probability-based GLOFs simulation and hazard mapping in the Poiqu River Basin according to available knowledge. We also discussed the uncertainties and challenges in the model chains, which may form the basis for further research.