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Generic Characterization of Apolar Metabolites in Red Chili Peppers (Capsicum frutescens L.) by Orbitrap Mass Spectrometry

Bijttebier, Sebastiaan, Zhani, Kaouther, D'Hondt, Els, Noten, Bart, Hermans, Nina, Apers, Sandra, Voorspoels, Stefan
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2014 v.62 no.20 pp. 4812-4831
Capsicum frutescens, absorption, biomass, carotenoids, fractionation, glycolipids, hot peppers, mass spectrometry, metabolites, reference standards, screening, solubility, vitamins
The aim of the present study was to develop a generic analytical method for the identification and quantitation of apolar plant metabolites in biomass using liquid chromatography–photodiode array–accurate mass mass spectrometry (LC-PDA-amMS). During this study, a single generic sample preparation protocol was applied to extract apolar plant metabolites. Compound identification was performed using a single generic screening method for apolar compounds without the need for dedicated fractionation. Such a generic approach renders vast amounts of information and is virtually limited by only the solubility and detector response of the metabolites of interest. Method validation confirmed that this approach is applicable for quantitative purposes. Furthermore, an identification–quantitation strategy based on amMS and molar extinction coefficients was used for carotenoids, eliminating the need for reference standards for each carotenoid. To challenge the validated method, chili peppers (Capsicum frutescens L.) were analyzed to unravel their complex phytochemical composition (carotenoids, glycolipids, glycerolipids, capsaicinoids, lipid-soluble vitamins).