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Guidelines for the integration of biological and cultural values in a landscape interpretation centre: application in southern Portugal

Batista, Teresa, de Mascarenhas, José Manuel, Mendes, Paula
Biodiversity and conservation 2015 v.24 no.13 pp. 3367-3386
biological corridors, cultural landscape, cultural values, farms, geographic information systems, guidelines, land surveying, models, Portugal
The city of Évora (the Roman Ebora Liberalitas Julia) is the most important town in Alentejo province (Southern Portugal) and is surrounded by a quite rich cultural and biological landscape involving archaeological sites of several epochs, old field networks and farms, as well as specific multifunctional cultural landscapes, the agro-forestry-pastoral systems called montados. Based on previous studies and land surveys, in which where identified the best preserved sectors and marks around Évora concerning the old cadastral systems, ecological corridors networks and the most important montados areas for preservation, it is presented the main guidelines for the development of an interpretation centre for the cultural and biological values in the Évora region. The methodology applies GIS spatial analysis and multilevel approaches and gives the guidelines for the integration of the different cultural and biological values in a holistic approach of landscape. The conceptual model is presented as well as the results obtained for the Évora Region.