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Fine mapping SPP1, a QTL controlling the number of spikelets per panicle, to a BAC clone in rice (Oryza sativa)

Liu, Touming, Mao, Donghai, Zhang, Shengpeng, Xu, Caiguo, Xing, Yongzhong
Theoretical and applied genetics 2009 v.118 no.8 pp. 1509-1517
Oryza sativa, bacterial artificial chromosomes, crop production, genes, genetic background, inbred lines, inflorescences, isogenic lines, open reading frames, quantitative trait loci, rice
Near isogenic lines (NILs) can be used to efficiently handle a target quantitative trait locus (QTL) by blocking genetic background noise. One QTL, SPP1, which controls the number of spikelets per panicle (SPP), was located on chromosome 1, near Gn1a, a cloned gene for rice production in a recombinant inbred line population. NILs of the SPP1 regions were quickly obtained by self-crossing recombinant inbred line 30 which is heterozygous around SPP1. Using a random NIL-F₂ population of 210 individuals, we mapped SPP1 to a 2.2-cM interval between RM1195 and RM490, which explained 51.1% of SPP variation. The difference in SPP between the two homozygotes was 44. F₂-1456, one NIL-F₂ plant, was heterozygous in the SPP1 region but was fixed in the region of Gn1a gene. This plant F₃ family showed a very wide variation in SPP, which suggested that it was SPP1 but Gn1a affected the variation of SPP in this population. In a word, SPP1 is a novel gene distinct from Gn1a. Four newly developed InDel markers were used for high-resolution mapping of SPP1 with a large NIL-F₂ population. Finally, it was narrowed down to a bacterial artificial chromosome clone spanning 107 kb; 17 open reading frames have been identified in the region. Of them, LOC_Os01g12160, which encodes an IAA synthetase, is the most interesting candidate gene.