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Hybridization between tetraploid species of Alopecurus L. (Poaceae): chromosome behaviour of natural and artificial hybrids

Author:
SIEBER, VIVIEN K., MURRAY, BRIAN G.
Source:
Botanical journal of the Linnean Society 1981 v.83 no.4 pp. 293-310
ISSN:
0024-4074
Subject:
Alopecurus, chromosomes, genome, genotype, hybrids, introgression, meiosis, parents, pollen, tetraploidy
Abstract:
The meiotic behaviour of plants from mixed populations of Alopecurus pratensis×A. geniculatus and of A. pratensis×A. arundinaceus (2n= 4×(= 28) is reported together with observations on some artificially produced hybrids. This meiotic behaviour is correlated with the degree of hybridity as shown by the hybrid index values of the plant. In A. pratensis×A. geniculatus hybrids there are marked differences between populations in the degree of meiotic disturbance and in one population there was an almost complete breakdown of meiosis. Alopecurus pratensis×A. arundinaceus hybrids show fairly regular meiotic pairing but in most plants there are a few univalent chromosomes at metaphase I. Artificially produced hybrids of A. pratensis×A. aequalis gave meiotic configurations that suggest that the genomes of the parent species are very similar. Taken together with the results from artificially produced hybrids of A. pratensis × A. geniculatus, it is suggested that bivalent‐promoting mechanisms reduce multivalent formation both in the species and the hybrids. The interaction of different genotypes involved in the control of meiosis may account for the variation in meiotic behaviour in the different populations of hybrids. Pollen fertility is reduced in most populations of hybrids and likely to be an important factor permitting introgressive hybridization.
Agid:
445386