Main content area

The Effect of Different Ethoxylations for Sorbitan Monolaurate on Enhancing Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation (SSF) of Wheat Straw to Ethanol

Badawi, A. M., Fahmy, A. A., Mohamed, Karima A., Noor El-Din, M. R., Riad, M. G.
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 2012 v.166 no.1 pp. 22-35
Kluyveromyces marxianus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, chemical structure, ethanol, ethanol production, ethylene oxide, fermentation, nonionic surfactants, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, saccharification, surface tension, wheat straw
In this paper, four nonionic surfactants with different hydrophilic–lipophilic balance (HLB) based on sorbitan monolaurate were synthesized by introducing ethylene oxide gas (n = 20, 40, 60, and 80 ethylene oxide units). The chemical structure of the prepared ethoxylated surfactants was confirmed using Fourier transform-infrared and 1H NMR spectroscopes. The surface tension and thermodynamic properties of the prepared surfactants have been studied. The simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process for ethanol production from microwave/alkali pretreated wheat straw has been assayed using nonionic surfactants have different ethylene oxide units. Ethanol yield was 82% and 61% for Kluyveromyces marxianus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, respectively, with the addition of 2.5 g/l of the prepared nonionic surfactant (HLB = 18.2). Results show that the production of ethanol from microwave/alkali pretreated wheat straw increased with increasing the (HLB) value of the nonionic surfactant.