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Stability Analysis of Agronomic Traits in Potato Cultivars of Different Origin

Flis, Bogdan, Domański, Leszek, Zimnoch-Guzowska, Ewa, Polgar, Zsolt, Pousa, Servando Á., Pawlak, Andrzej
American journal of potato research 2014 v.91 no.4 pp. 404-413
Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum, agronomic traits, crop yield, cultivars, field experimentation, genotype-environment interaction, growers, potatoes, starch, statistical models, tubers, Hungary, Poland, Spain
Potato (Solanum tuberosum ssp. tuberosum) cultivars are expected to express a stable level for traits important for growers and consumers. To investigate how this expectation was met by a set of 21 cultivars bred in Hungary, Poland and Spain, 2-year field experiments were carried out in these countries for the evaluation of tuber yield, starch content and yield, and occurrence of secondary growth of tubers. Stability in an agronomic sense was evaluated by the analysis of genotype by environment interaction (GE) using the Scheffé-Caliński mixed model. Unstable trait expression was indicated by the statistically significant share of GE in the variability contributed by a specific cultivar. This instability could lead to either complete or partial unpredictability. Stable trait expression was observed for 6–11 cultivars, depending on the trait. A significant genetic factor, which indicates broad adaptation, was rarely found. Stable expression of tuber yield occurred together with stable or predictable expression of both starch content and yield. Unstable expressions of tuber and starch yield were also associated. The stability or instability of secondary growth was not associated with stability or instability of the other measured traits. Analysis of GE interaction was useful for identifying stable or unstable responses and revealed the presence of incomplete stability or partial unpredictability as intermediate types of reaction.