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Outer Membrane Proteins A (OmpA) and X (OmpX) Are Essential for Basolateral Invasion of Cronobacter sakazakii
- Kim, Kyumson, Kim, Kwang-Pyo, Choi, Jeongjoon, Lim, Jeong -A., Lee, Junghyun, Hwang, Sunyoung, Ryu, Sangryeol
- Applied and environmental microbiology 2010 v.76 no.15 pp. 5188-5198
- Cronobacter sakazakii, epithelial cells, eukaryotic cells, hosts, humans, liver, mutants, outer membrane proteins, pathogens, pups, rats, spleen, virulence
- Cronobacter sakazakii is an opportunistic pathogen that actively invades host eukaryotic cells. To identify invasion factors responsible for the intestinal translocation of C. sakazakii, we constructed for the first time outer membrane protein X (OmpX) and A (OmpA) deletion mutants using the lambda Red recombination system. The ompX and ompA deletion mutants showed significantly reduced invasion of human enterocyte-like epithelial Caco-2 and human intestinal epithelial INT-407 cells, and significantly fewer mutant cells were recovered from the livers and spleens of rat pups. Furthermore, compared with intact target cells, the invasion and initial association potentials of the mutants increased at a rate similar to that of the wild type in tight-junction-disrupted target cells, suggesting that OmpX and OmpA are involved in basolateral invasion by C. sakazakii. This is the first report of C. sakazakii virulence determinants that are essential for basolateral invasion and that may be critical for the virulence of C. sakazakii.