Main content area

Alteration in haematological and biochemical parameters of Catla catla exposed to sub-lethal concentration of cypermethrin

Vani, T., Saharan, N., Roy, S.D., Ranjan, Ritesh, Pal, A.K., Siddaiah, G.M., Kumar, Rajesh
Fish physiology and biochemistry 2012 v.38 no.6 pp. 1577-1584
Catla catla, adenosinetriphosphatase, alanine transaminase, albumins, aspartate transaminase, brain, carp, cypermethrin, erythrocyte count, fingerlings, gills, globulins, hemoglobin, lactate dehydrogenase, leukocyte count, liver, muscles, sodium-potassium-exchanging ATPase, sublethal effects
A 60-day experiment was carried out to study the effect of sub-lethal concentration of cypermethrin (1/10th of LC₅₀) exposure on haematological and biochemical parameters of the Indian major carp, Catla catla fingerlings. Under exposure, the total erythrocyte count, total leucocyte count, haemoglobin content and haematocrit were decreased. All the studied serum parameters viz. total serum protein, albumin, globulin contents and albumin–globulin ratio were significantly decreased in cypermethrin-exposed fishes. A marked increase was recorded in alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities in liver, whereas lactate dehydrogenase activity of muscle and acetylcholine esterase activity in brain were inhibited in cypermethrin-exposed fish. The membrane transport enzymes (total adenosine triphosphatase, sodium–potassium adenosine triphosphatase and magnesium adenosine triphosphatase) activities were decreased significantly in the gills of C. catla exposed to sub-lethal concentration of cypermethrin. The present study indicates that sub-lethal exposure of C. catla fingerlings to cypermethrin alters the haematological and biochemical parameters.