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The effects of shoot age on colonization of an emergent macrophyte (Typha latifolia) by macroinvertebrates
- OERTLI, BEAT, LACHAVANNE, JEANâBERNARD
- Freshwater biology 1995 v.34 no.3 pp. 421-431
- Ceratopogonidae, Chironomidae, Ephemeroptera, Oligochaeta, Typha latifolia, biomass, carrying capacity, epiphytes, freshwater, macroinvertebrates, macrophytes, ponds, senescence, shoots
- 1. The colonization and dynamics of epiphytic aquatic macroinvertebrates are described on firstâyear and secondâyear shoots of an emergent macrophyte (Typha latifolia) in a Swiss pond. Effects of shoot senescence on composition, richness, density and biomass of the macroinvertebrates are quantified. 2. There were two phases of colonization: a shortâterm colonization process which corresponded with that usually observed on inert substrates and a longer term colonization process related to the attractiveness of the shoots for the colonizers. In this second process, the older shoots showed a higher attractiveness for most invertebrate taxa. 3. Taxa colonized the shoots at different rates. Rapid colonizers included the limpet Ferrissia wautieri and the mayfly Cloeon dipterum. Conversely, Oligochaeta, Chironomidae and Ceratopogonidae were particularly slow colonizers. 4. The older shoots supported a higher mean annual richness, abundance and biomass of invertebrates. Compared with younger shoots, the older shoots demonstrated a higher carrying capacity for most invertebrate taxa, as is the case for many other freshwater macrophytes.