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Estimation of solar-induced fluorescence using the canopy reflectance index

Ni, Zhuoya, Liu, ZhigangLiu, Li, Zhao-Liang, Nerry, Françoise, Huo, Hongyuan, Li, Xiaowen
International journal of remote sensing 2015 v.36 no.19-20 pp. 5239-5256
canopy, chlorophyll, correlation, fluorescence, leaf area index, leaves, models, reflectance, remote sensing, temperature, vegetation
This article presents a methodology to quantitatively extract the solar-induced fluorescence (SIF) using the canopy reflectance index. The sensitivity analysis was conducted with a spectral vegetation Fluorescence Model (FluorMOD), and the results demonstrate that Sun zenith angle (θ), fluorescence quantum efficiency (Fi), leaf inclination distribution function (LIDF), leaf temperature (T), leaf area index, and leaf chlorophyll a + b content (chl- a + b) had large effects on the fluorescence radiance at 761 nm (LF,761). Based on the results of the sensitivity analysis, the input parameters θ , Fi, LIDF, T , and chl- a + b varied within a certain range during the generation of the simulated data. Based on the simulated data, R ₇₄₀/ R ₆₃₀, R ₆₈₅/ R ₈₅₀, and R ₇₅₀/ R ₇₁₀ were thought to be the best candidates to extract the fluorescence radiation. The quantitative relationships between the fluorescence retrieved by R ₇₄₀/ R ₆₃₀, R ₆₈₅/ R ₈₅₀, and R ₇₅₀/ R ₇₁₀ and LF,761 were analysed and expressed as functions of θ , Fi, T , and reflectance index. The correlation coefficients (r) between the fluorescence retrieved using R ₆₈₅/ R ₈₅₀, R ₇₄₀/ R ₆₃₀, and R ₇₅₀/ R ₇₁₀ and LF,761 are 0.94, 0.95, and 0.95, respectively, and the root mean square errors (RMSEs) were 0.32, 0.29, and 0.30 W m ⁻² μm ⁻¹ sr ⁻¹, respectively. Through comparison with FLD and 3FLD, the method presented in this article yielded better results, and could be used to estimate the fluorescence. This methodology provides new insights into the quantitative retrieval of SIF from the reflectance spectrum.