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Post-thaw addition of seminal plasma reduces tyrosine phosphorylation on the surface of cryopreserved equine sperm, but does not reduce lipid peroxidation

de Andrade, André Furugen Cesar, Zaffalon, Fabiane Gilli, Celeghini, Eneiva Carla Carvalho, Nascimento, Juliana, Bressan, Fabiana Fernandes, Martins, Simone Maria Massami Kitamura, de Arruda, Rubens Paes
Theriogenology 2012 v.77 no.9 pp. 1866-1872.e3
cryopreservation, freezing, lipid peroxidation, plasma membrane, protein phosphorylation, seminal plasma, spermatozoa, stallions, surface proteins, tyrosine
The objective was to verify the relationship between equine semen cryopreservation and changes related to increased lipid peroxidation. Also, addition of autologous or homologous seminal plasma from a stallion with a good freezing response to post-thawed sperm was tested to determine whether it would confer protection. Frozen-thawed sperm were evaluated and allocated into three groups: without plasma addition, and supplemented with either homologous or autologous seminal plasma. All groups were evaluated at 0, 60 and 120 min after incubation at 37 °C. Cryopreservation did not increase plasma membrane disorders (mean ± SEM 9.48 ± 0.65 and 1.62 ± 0.23% in raw and frozen-thawed sperm, respectively). However, both membrane peroxidation and protein phosphorylation were increased (P < 0.05) compared to raw semen (1.74 and 5.20-fold, respectively). There was a correlation (r = 0.73; P < 0.05) between the increase in lipid peroxidation and tyrosine phosphorylation. Seminal plasma, regardless of origin, reduced (P > 0.05) tyrosine phosphorylation present on the surface of cryopreserved sperm; however, lipid peroxidation was not significantly reduced. In conclusion, we inferred that emergence of phosphorylated proteins on the surface of cryopreserved sperm was due to increased lipid peroxidation that occurred during the freezing/thawing process; however, reduced tyrosine phosphorylation that occurred after addition of seminal plasma was triggered by other mechanisms, apparently independent from the reduction in membrane peroxidation.