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Effects of solubility characteristics of sensitiser and pH on the photooxidation of oil in tuna oil-added acidic O/W emulsions

An, Sojin, Lee, Edwald, Choe, Eunok
Food chemistry 2011 v.128 no.2 pp. 358-363
acetic acid, canola oil, chlorophyll, egg yolk, emulsions, erythrosine, oxygen consumption, pH, photooxidation, singlet oxygen, sodium azide, solubility, tuna oil
The effects of sensitisers and pH on the oil oxidation of acidic O/W emulsions were studied under light by measuring hydroperoxide content and headspace oxygen consumption in the emulsions. The emulsions consisted of canola and tuna oil (2:1w/w, 32%), diluted acetic acid (64%), egg yolk powder (4%), chlorophyll b or erythrosine (5μM), and/or diazabicyclooctane (DABCO) or sodium azide (0.5M). The emulsion pH values were 2.67, 3.68, and 6.27. Chlorophyll increased oil oxidation in the emulsion under light via singlet oxygen production while erythrosine did not. DABCO significantly decreased photooxidation of the oil containing chlorophyll, suggesting singlet oxygen involvement. However, sodium azide increased photooxidation of the oil containing chlorophyll possibly via azide radical production under acidic conditions. The oil photooxidation was higher in the emulsion containing chlorophyll at pH 6.27 than at pH 2.67 or 3.68, primarily by singlet oxygen and secondarily by free radicals produced from hydroperoxide decomposition.