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Differences Among Rice Cultivars in their Adaptation to Low Ionic Strength Solution with Toxic Level of Aluminum that Mimics Tropical Acid Soil Conditions

Khan, M. Shahadat Hossain, Wagatsuma, Tadao, Akhter, Afrin, Rao, Idupulapati M.
Journal of plant nutrition 2015 v.38 no.13 pp. 1973-1983
acid soils, aluminum, calcium, correlation, cultivars, ionic strength, nutrient deficiencies, rice, stress tolerance, toxicity
Nutrient deficiencies are often an additional growth-limiting factor in tropical acid soils. Considering the potential interactions between Al stress and low-nutrient stress, differences among rice cultivars for Al tolerance, low-nutrient tolerance, and combined stress tolerance were investigated. The main objective of this study was to identify the predominant growth-limiting factor in tropical acid soils. Tolerance to low nutrient stress and combined stress did not show any relationship with aluminum (Al) tolerance indicating that these stress factors act independently. Al-tolerant cv. Rikuu-132 was tolerant to combined stress. Conversely, highly Al-sensitive cv. BR34 was most tolerant to combined and low nutrient stress. Combined stress tolerance of shoot was positively correlated with calcium (Ca) content of shoot. The results indicate that Al tolerance alone is not adequate for superior performance on most acid soils. Tolerance to combined stress factors would be needed to improve productivity of rice on low fertility acid soils.