Main content area

Colour Degradation of Simulated Textile Effluent by Electrolytic Treatment and Ecotoxicological Evaluation

Moraes, J. R., Jr, Bidoia, E. D.
Water, air, and soil pollution 2015 v.226 no.12 pp. 402
Artemia salina, Cucumis sativus, Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa, Lactuca sativa, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, bioassays, color, cucumbers, dyes, ecotoxicology, effluents, fabrics, farming systems, lettuce, oxidation, seeds, surface water, textile industry, toxicity, water pollution, yeasts
Since the last century, humanity has sought ways to minimize the impact of the industrial growth in the environment. The textile industry, as one of the major contributors to water pollution, has been dumping coloured effluents which cause great impact in water bodies. The electrolytic process not only degrades the colour of the effluent but also transforms recalcitrant substances by direct or indirect oxidation. The ecotoxicological tests are used nowadays as a way to verify the toxicity degree of water bodies polluted by industrial and farming activities. The ecotoxicological tests consist in exposing determined organisms to the samples with the intention to evaluate their toxicity by observing the organisms’ responses. This study had the objective to degrade, by electrolytic process, a simulated textile effluent containing a mixture of Acid Blue 40 and Acid Red 151 dyes and the toxicity evaluation of the treated effluent by ecotoxicological tests. The bioassays used were tests with seeds of Lactuca sativa (lettuce), Eruca sativa (rocket), and Cucumis sativus (cucumber). Tests with the micro crustaceous Artemia salina and the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae were also conducted. The electrolytic treatment degraded the initial colour of the textile effluent, and the ecotoxicological tests indicated low toxicity to the treatment.