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A sequential method to analyze the kinetics of biomass pyrolysis

Huang, Y.F., Kuan, W.H., Chiueh, P.T., Lo, S.L.
Bioresource technology 2011 v.102 no.19 pp. 9241-9246
xylan, cellulose, methodology, paper, pyrolysis, biomass, lignin
The kinetics of biomass pyrolysis was studied via a sequential method including two stages. Stage one is to analyze the kinetics of biomass pyrolysis and starts with the determination of unreacted fraction of sample at the maximum reaction rate, (1–α)ₘ. Stage two provides a way to simulate the reaction rate profile and to verify the appropriateness of kinetic parameters calculated in the previous stage. Filter paper, xylan, and alkali lignin were used as representatives of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin whose pyrolysis was analyzed with the assumption of the orders of reaction being 1, 2, and 3, respectively. For most of the biomass pyrolysis, kinetic parameters were properly determined and reaction rate profiles were adequately simulated by regarding the order of reaction as 1. This new method should be applicable to most of the biomass pyrolysis and similar reactions whose (1–α)ₘ is acquirable, representative, and reliable.