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Coagulation profile, haematological and biochemical changes in kids naturally infected with peste des petits ruminants

Sahinduran, Sima, Albay, Metin Koray, Sezer, Kenan, Ozmen, Ozlem, Mamak, Nuri, Haligur, Mehmet, Karakurum, Cagri, Yildiz, Ramazan
Tropical animal health and production 2012 v.44 no.3 pp. 453-457
alanine transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, aspartate transaminase, blood, blood sampling, coagulation, creatinine, diarrhea, farms, flocks, hemorrhage, hospitals, kids (goats), leukocyte count, liver, nose, peste des petits ruminants, prothrombin, thrombocytopenia, thromboplastin, urea nitrogen
The aim of this study was to examine the coagulation profile in peste des petits ruminant (PPR) in kids. Five kids from a group of 150 animals (72 goats and 78 kids) were brought to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital from a farm in Burdur province (Turkey) with nasal and ocular discharges and diarrhea. Fifteen goats and 41 kids had died due to diarrhea and three kids were presented to the Department of Pathology for diagnosis. Blood samples were taken from 12 ill animals (infected group) for haematological and biochemical analysis. In addition, five healthy kids were examined from another healthy flock (control group). Leukocyte and lymphocyte numbers of infected group showed significant declinations in comparison to control group (≤0.001). Haemorrhages in all organs of digestive system and small haemorrhagic areas in liver were caused to decrease in erythrocyte and haematocrit values (p ≤ 0.001) in infected group. Concentrations of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) (p ≤ 0.01) and creatinine (p ≤ 0.001) in infected group were significantly higher than control group. Compared to control group, significant increases were determined in serum concentrations of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (p ≤ 0.01), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (p ≤ 0.001) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (p ≤ 0.001) in the infected group. No significant differences were observed between the infected and control groups for serum gamma glutamyl-transferase (GGT) concentration value. In our study, thrombocytopenia (p ≤ 0.001) together with prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT; p ≤ 0.01) and prothrombin time (PT; p ≤ 0.001) may show that disseminated intravascular coagulopathy which can occur in kids with PPR.