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Follicle Formation in the Canine Ovary After Autografting to a Peripheral Site

Terazono, T, Kaedei, Y, Tanihara, F, Namula, Z, Viet, VL, Takagi, M, Inoue, M, Sato, Y, Taniguchi, M, Otoi, T
Reproduction in domestic animals 2012 v.47 no.2 pp. e16
autografting, bitches, cutting, developmental stages, fascia, follicular development, granulosa cells, oocytes, proliferating cell nuclear antigen
This study reports about follicular development on the surface of canine ovarian tissue after autografting under the fascia of the thoracolumbar muscle and about meiotic resumption of follicle‐derived oocyte after maturation culture. After ovarian excision from a bitch, each ovary of the pairs was cut approximately into half. The hemi‐ovaries were transplanted into the bitch of origin at three different body sites (under the fascia of the quadriceps femoris muscle and the thoracolumbar muscle, and in the deltoid muscle in the scapular region). All grafted ovaries were recovered from the bitch at 35 days post‐transplantation. A visible antral follicle was observed on the surface of the ovary grafted under the thoracolumbar fascia. Histological examination revealed viable follicles at different stages of development irrespective of graft site. Most granulosa cells in the follicles at different stages of development expressed proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). A total of three oocytes were collected from an ovary grafted under the fascia of the thoracolumbar muscle, wherein an oocyte reached metaphase I after maturation culture. This is the first report to demonstrate follicular development and meiotic resumption of oocytes recovered from autografted canine ovarian tissues.