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Manganese uptake and release by cultured human hepatocarcinoma (Hep-G2) cells

Finley, John W.
Biological trace element research 1998 v.64 no.1/3 pp. 101
manganese, nutrient uptake, liver neoplasms, carcinoma, cell lines, nutrient management, mineral metabolism, rats, iodoacetic acid, vanadium, iron, copper, cations, nickel, cadmium, zinc, calcium, temperature, quinacrine, sodium azide, lysosomes, liver
The liver is the primary organ involved in manganese (Mn) homeostasis. The human hepato-carcinoma cell line, Hep-G2, shows many liver specific functions. Consequently, Hep-G2 cells were investigated as a possible model of hepatic metabolism of Mn. Initial experiments showed that the concentration of Mn in the diet, or culture medium, similarly affected the retention of Mn by isolated rat hepatocytes and Hep-G2 cells. Manganese uptake by Hep-G2 cells suggested that uptake was followed by release from the cell. Uptake was saturable and half-maximal at 2.0 μmol Mn/L, and was inhibited by iodoacetate, vanadate, cold, and bepridil. The cations Fe2+, Cu2+, Ni2+, Cd2+, and Zn2+ decreased Mn uptake. Uptake was dependent on Calcium (Ca) concentration in a manner that resembled saturation kinetics. Cells that were pulsed with54Mn and then placed into nonradioactive medium quickly released a large portion of their internalized Mn. Release of internalized Mn could be inhibited by low temperature, nocodozole, quinacrine and sodium azide. These data show that Hep-G2 cells are a potentially good model of hepatic Mn metabolism. Mn is taken up by a facilitated process that may be related to Ca uptake. Release apparently is an active, controlled process, that may involve microtubules and lysosomes.