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Conception of the Mercury Deposition Coefficient Based on Long-term Stream Intensity Measurements of Mercury Species TGM and TPM

Nowak, Bartosz, Czaplicka, Marianna
Water, air, and soil pollution 2015 v.226 no.12 pp. 403
air, air pollution, image analysis, mathematical models, mercury, mercury compounds, meteorological data, meteorological parameters, pollutants, streams
For many years, atmospheric mercury has been perceived as a global pollutant. Transport of mercury compounds in the atmosphere and its deposition on the earth’s surface is an important issue that requires knowledge regarding the circulation of the various forms of this metal between environmental components. There are many numerical models that can be used to study and image this phenomenon. These models are based on data concerning mercury emission sources, concentrations of this contaminant on modelling areas and meteorological data to assess air mass inflow on a regional and global scale. A method to assess mercury deposition fluxes on a local scale based only on stream intensity analysis of mercury is proposed in this study. Mercury deposition fluxes (bulk) that were assessed by the MDC method at the Zloty Potok station (regional background station for the Silesian Agglomeration) varied from 22.8 μg · m⁻² · year⁻¹ (an 8-month period in 2013) to 54.2 μg · m⁻² · year⁻¹ in 2012. Developing procedures to estimate the mercury deposition coefficient (MDC) is useful in areas where only meteorological parameters and mercury concentrations in the atmospheric air are measured. The obtained deposition coefficient values enable quantification of a selected pollutant concentration and its potential impact resulting from deposition.