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Weeds ability to phytoremediate cadmium-contaminated soil

Hammami, Hossein, Parsa, Mehdi, Mohassel, Mohammad Hassan Rashed, Rahimi, Salman, Mijani, Sajad
International journal of phytoremediation 2016 v.18 no.1 pp. 48-53
Abutilon theophrasti, Portulaca oleracea, Solanum nigrum, Taraxacum officinale, absorption, agricultural colleges, air, bioaccumulation factor, cadmium, heavy metals, phytoremediation, polluted soils, pot culture, roots, shoots, sustainable technology, water pollution, weeds, Iran
An alternative method to other technologies to clean up the soil, air and water pollution by heavy metals is phytoremediation. Therefore, a pot culture experiment was conducted at the College of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran, in 2014 to determine the potential absorption of cadmium by Portulaca oleracea (Common purslane), Solanum nigrum (Black nightshade), Abutilon theophrasti (Velvetleaf) and Taraxacum officinale (Dandelion). The type of experiment was completely randomized design with factorial arrangement and four replications. The soil in pot was treated with different rates of CdCl ₂.H ₂O (0 (control), 10, 20, 40, 60, and 80 mg Cd/kg soil) and the plants were sown. With increasing concentration levels, fresh weight and dry weight of shoots and roots of all plant species were reduced. The reduction severity was ranked according the following order, P. oleracea > A. theophrasti > S. nigrum > T. officinale . Bioconcentration factor (BCF), Translocation factor (TF) and Translocation efficiency (TE%) was ranked according the following order, T. officinale > S. nigrum > A. theophrasti > P. oleracea . The results of this study revealed that T. officinale and S. nigrum are effective species to phytoremediate Cd-contaminated soil.