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Correlation of Arsenic Levels in Smokeless Tobacco Products and Biological Samples of Oral Cancer Patients and Control Consumers
- Arain, Sadaf S., Kazi, Tasneem G., Afridi, Hassan I., Talpur, Farah N., Kazi, Atif G., Brahman, Kapil D., Naeemullah,, Panhwar, Abdul H., Kamboh, Muhammad A.
- Biological trace element research 2015 v.168 no.2 pp. 287-295
- arsenic, atomic absorption spectrometry, blood, breathing, eating habits, hairs, mastication, microwave treatment, mouth, mouth neoplasms, patients, risk factors, smokeless tobacco, socioeconomic status, synergism, wet digestion method
- It has been extensively reported that chewing of smokeless tobacco (SLT) can lead to cancers of oral cavity. In present study, the relationship between arsenic (As) exposure via chewing/inhaling different SLT products in oral cancer patients have or/not consumed SLT products was studied. The As in different types of SLT products (gutkha, mainpuri, and snuff) and biological (scalp hair and blood) samples of different types of oral cancer patients and controls were analyzed. Both controls and oral cancer patients have same age group (ranged 30–60 years), socio-economic status, localities, and dietary habits. The concentrations of As in SLT products and biological samples were measured by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrophotometer after microwave-assisted acid digestion. The validity and accuracy of the methodology were checked by certified reference materials. The resulted data of present study indicates that the concentration of As was significantly higher in scalp hair and blood samples of oral cancer patients than those of controls (p < 0.001). It was also observed that the values of As were two- to threefolds higher in biological samples of controls subjects, consuming SLT products as compared to those have none of these habits (p > 0.01). The intake of As via consuming different SLT may have synergistic effects, in addition to other risk factors associated with oral cancer.