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Short‐term effect of dietary yeast nucleotide supplementation on small intestinal enzyme activities, bacterial populations and metabolites and ileal nutrient digestibilities in newly weaned pigs

Sauer, N., Eklund, M., Roth, S., Rink, F., Jezierny, D., Bauer, E., Mosenthin, R.
Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition 2012 v.96 no.4 pp. 708-716
barrows, crude fiber, crude protein, dietary supplements, digestive tract, enzyme activity, epithelial cells, fatty acids, ileum, lactic acid, metabolites, microbial communities, nucleotides, piglets, yeasts
In previous studies, dietary nucleotides have been shown to improve performance in single‐stomached animals by promoting the renewal of small intestine epithelial cells and by influencing the activity and composition of the microbial community in the digestive tract. The present experiment was carried out with 12 barrows weaned at the age of 18 days and fitted with a simple T‐cannula at the distal ileum. To determine short‐term effects of dietary yeast nucleotides, the piglets received a grain‐soybean meal‐based basal diet with or without supplementation of 1 g/kg of a dried yeast product containing free nucleotides. Dietary supplementation with yeast did not affect bacterial numbers in the ileum as well as ileal concentrations of individual short‐chain fatty acids (SCFA), total SCFA and total lactic acid (p > 0.05). Moreover, there was no effect of supplemental yeast nucleotides on ileal α‐amylase, leucine amino peptidase, maltase and lactase activities (p > 0.05), as well as on ileal dry matter, crude protein and crude fibre digestibilities (p > 0.05). In conclusion, short‐term supplementation with dietary yeast nucleotides did not affect microbial metabolite concentrations, bacterial numbers and enzyme activities in the ileal digesta as well as ileal nutrient digestibilities of newly weaned pigs.