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Subcritical soil hydrophobicity in the presence of native and exotic arbuscular mycorrhizal species at different soil salinity levels

Dorostkar, Vajiheh, Afyuni, Majid, Khoshgoftarmanesh, Amir Hossein, Mosaddeghi, Mohammad Reza, Rejali, Farhad
Archiv für Acker- und Pflanzenbau und Bodenkunde 2016 v.62 no.3 pp. 429-443
Claroideoglomus claroideum, Glomus mosseae, Rhizophagus irregularis, Triticum aestivum, glomalin, hydrophobicity, indigenous species, introduced species, mycorrhizal fungi, salinity, soil salinity, soil water, vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae, water repellent soils, wheat
Soil salinity and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) influence the soil hydrophobicity. An experiment was performed to determine the effects of soil salinity and AMF species on soil water repellency (SWR) under wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) crop. Six AMF treatments, including four exotic species (Rhizophagus irregularis, Funneliformis mosseae and Claroideoglomus claroideum , a mix of three species), one mix native AMF species treatment and an AMF-free soil in combination with four salinity levels (1, 5, 10, and 15 dS m ⁻¹) were used. The soil repellency index (RI) increased with salinity increment ranging from 2.4 to 10.5. The mix of three exotic and native AMF treatments enhanced the RI significantly compared to AMF-free soil in all salinity levels with one exception for native treatment at 1 dS m ⁻¹. Among individual AMF species, the C. claroideum treatment at 10 dS m ⁻¹ increased the RI by 67% compared to AMF-free soil. The native AMF treatment was more efficient in root colonization, glomalin production and SWR development at 10 and 15 dS m ⁻¹, compared to exotic species. In addition to the net positive effect of salinity on SWR, the AMF influences on the RI were greatly dependent on salinity levels.