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Butyltins, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, organochlorine pesticides, and polychlorinated biphenyls in sediments and bivalve mollusks in a mid‐latitude environment from the Patagonian coastal zone

Commendatore, Marta G., Franco, Marcos A., Gomes Costa, Patricia, Castro, Italo B., Fillmann, Gilberto, Bigatti, Gregorio, Esteves, José L., Nievas, Marina L.
Environmental toxicology and chemistry 2015 v.34 no.12 pp. 2750-2763
Bivalvia, Gastropoda, bioaccumulation, coasts, detection limit, guidelines, incidence, latitude, organochlorine pesticides, pollutants, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, sediments, sex differentiation disorders, tin
Butyltins (BTs), polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were assessed in a mid‐latitude environment of the Patagonian coast, distant from significant pollutant sources. Bioaccumulation processes through bottom sediment resuspension were suggested by BTs level (expressed as ng of tin [Sn] g–¹ dry wt) found in surface sediment (<limit of detection [LOD]–166.5 ng [Sn] g–¹ dry wt) and bivalve mollusks (29.4–206.0 ng [Sn] g–¹ dry wt); whereas imposex incidence was only 15% in the gastropod Pareuthria plumbea collected near a harbor. Low hydrocarbon pollution was found in sediments and bivalves with ∑PAHs(16) ranging from <LOD to 94.9 ng g–¹ dry weight and from <LOD to 54.9 ng g⁻¹ dry weight, respectively. Values were typical of locations distant from pollutant sources and showed different compositional patterns for both substrates. However, concentrations for some individual PAHs in sediments were found over the threshold effect level. On average, ΣPCB did not exceed the sediment quality guidelines being 0.57 ± 0.88 ng g–¹ dry weight in sediments and 0.41 ± 0.26 ng g⁻¹ dry weight in bivalves. Average ΣOCPs in sediments were 0.53 ± 0.34 ng g⁻¹ dry weight and ranged from <LOD to 0.22 ng g–¹ dry weight in bivalves, showing a different pattern and suggesting a different accumulation pathway as was found for PAHs. Although both discrete and atmospheric sources can be considered for PAHs, organochlorines pollution was clearly related to atmospheric global transport, indicating that in the studied area, OCPs and PCBs experience permanent or temporal deposition during their migration to southern zones. Environ Toxicol Chem 2015;34:2750–2763. © 2015 SETAC