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Reduced cadmium accumulation and toxicity in Daphnia magna under carbon nanotube exposure

Liu, Jie, Wang, Wen‐Xiong
Environmental toxicology and chemistry 2015 v.34 no.12 pp. 2824-2832
Daphnia magna, aquatic environment, cadmium, carbon nanotubes, ecosystems, environmental assessment, freshwater, lethal concentration 50, physical properties, risk assessment, toxicity, zooplankton
With increasing application and commercial production, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) will inevitably be released into aquatic environments and affect the transport and toxicity of toxic metals in ecosystems. The present study examined how CNTs affected the biokinetics and toxicity of a toxic metal, cadmium (Cd), in the freshwater zooplankton Daphnia magna. The authors quantified the dissolved uptake and the 50% lethal concentration (LC50, 48 h and 72 h) of Cd in daphnids in the presence of functionalized multiwalled nanotubes (F‐CNTs) with different lengths (10–30 µm vs 0.5–2 µm) and concentrations (4 mg/L and 8 mg/L). Compared with the control treatment without CNTs, both CNTs slowed down the accumulation rate of Cd in D. magna over 8 h of exposure and further reduced the accumulation thereafter. Mechanisms for the reduced Cd uptake were mainly related to the influences of CNTs on the physiological activity of daphnids. The LC50 of D. magna in the presence of Cd and shorter CNTs was almost the same as that of the control group without CNTs. However, the LC50 of the groups with normal CNTs was significantly higher than that of the control group (i.e., F‐CNTs decreased Cd toxicity significantly). Meanwhile, CNTs also decreased the tolerance of D. magna to Cd. The present study suggests that different physical properties of CNTs, such as length, need to be considered in the environmental risk assessment of CNTs. Environ Toxicol Chem 2015;34:2824–2832. © 2015 SETAC