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A History of Wildlife Management in Canaan Valley and Environs
- Lesser, Walter A., Cromer, Jack I.
- Southeastern naturalist 2015 v.14 no.sp7 pp. 372-381
- Scolopax, animal communities, basins, fauna, fires, flora, forests, mountains, wildlife, wildlife management, West Virginia
- Canaan Valley, a 40-mi² (10⁴-km²) basin situated about 3200 ft (975 m) above sea level in the mountains of northeastern West Virginia, supports a plant and animal community of largely boreal nature—a relic of the Ice Age. Removal of the original forest and subsequent fires drastically altered Canaan Valley's flora and fauna. This paper summarizes actions by the West Virginia Division of Natural Resources (WV DNR) to research, manage, and restore several wildlife species, most of which are indigenous to Canaan Valley and its environs. Of particular importance was the WV DNR's research of Scolopax minor (American Woodcock), the findings of which have had broad management implications and brought national attention to hunting in Canaan Valley.