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An artificially constructed Syngonium podophyllum-Aspergillus niger combinate system for removal of uranium from wastewater

He, Jia-dong, Wang, Yong-dong, Hu, Nan, Ding, Dexin, Sun, Jing, Deng, Qin-wen, Li, Chang-wu, Xu, Fei
Environmental science and pollution research international 2015 v.22 no.23 pp. 18918-18926
Aspergillus niger, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Syngonium, X-radiation, absorption, hydroponics, phosphates, roots, uranium, wastewater, China
Aspergillus niger was inoculated to the roots of five plants, and the Syngonium podophyllum-A. niger combinate system (SPANCS) was found to be the most effective in removing uranium from hydroponic liquid with initial uranium concentration of 5 mg L⁻¹. Furthermore, the hydroponic experiments on the removal of uranium from the hydroponic liquids with initial uranium concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, and 3.0 mg L⁻¹ by the SPANCS were conducted, the inhibitory effect of A. niger on the growth of S. podophyllum in the SPANCS was studied, the accumulation characteristics of uranium by S. podophyllum in the SPANCS were analyzed, and the Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectra were measured. The results show that the removal of uranium by the SPANCS from the hydroponic liquids with initial uranium concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, and 3.0 mg L⁻¹ reached 98.20, 97.90, and 98.50 %, respectively, after 37 days of accumulation of uranium; that the uranium concentrations in the hydroponic liquids decreased to 0.009, 0.021, and 0.045 mg L⁻¹, respectively, which are lower than the stipulated concentration for discharge of 0.050 mg L⁻¹ by the People’s Republic of China; that A. niger helped to generate more groups in the root of S. podophyllum which can improve the complexing capability of S. podophyllum for uranium; and that the uranium accumulated in the root of S. podophyllum was in the form of phosphate uranyl and carboxylic uranyl.