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Dynamique des matières organiques particulaires dans les agrégats de sol lors d'une mise en culture

Author:
BESNARD, E., CHENU, C., BALESDENT, J., PUGET, P., ARROUAYS, D.
Source:
European journal of soil science 1996 v.47 no.4 pp. 495-503
ISSN:
1351-0754
Subject:
biodegradation, crops, forest soils, forests, fractionation, loam soils, microaggregates, particulates, soil organic matter
Abstract:
Particulate organic matter (POM) is a labile fraction of soil organic matter which is thought to be physically protected from biodegradation when within soil aggregates. We have developed a fractionation method to separate POM located outside stable soil macroaggregates (> 200 μm) and microaggregates (50–200 μm) from that within them, and applied it to a cultivation sequence of humic loamy soils. The natural abundance of 13C was used to determine the amounts of POM derived from forest and that derived from crop in the free and occluded fractions. In the forest soil the free and occluded POM fractions had the same composition, morphology and isotopic signature. On cultivation the amounts of POM decreased sharply. The loss of C in the POM from forest was mainly from POM outside the aggregates. The POM occluded within microaggregates was found to turnover slowly. This may be due either to its recalcitrant chemical nature or to its physical protection within microaggregates
Agid:
468860