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Laboratory Validation of the Sand Fly Fever Virus Antigen Assay

Reeves, Will K., Szymczak, Mitchell Scott, Burkhalter, Kristen L., Miller, Myrna M.
Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 2015 v.31 no.4 pp. 380-383
Lutzomyia longipalpis, Sandfly fever Naples phlebovirus, Rift Valley fever, Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus, viruses, viral antigens, fever, indigenous peoples
Sandfly fever group viruses in the genus Phlebovirus (family Bunyaviridae) are widely distributed across the globe and are a cause of disease in military troops and indigenous peoples. We assessed the laboratory sensitivity and specificity of the Sand Fly Fever Virus Antigen Assay, a rapid dipstick assay designed to detect sandfly fever Naples virus (SFNV) and Toscana virus (TOSV) against a panel of phleboviruses. The assay detected SFNV and TOSV, as well as other phleboviruses including Aguacate, Anahanga, Arumowot, Chagres, and Punta Toro viruses. It did not detect sandfly fever Sicilian, Heartland, Rio Grande, or Rift Valley fever viruses. It did not produce false positive results in the presence of uninfected sand flies (Lutzomyia longipalpis) or Cache Valley virus, a distantly related bunyavirus. Results from this laboratory evaluation suggest that this assay may be used as a rapid field-deployable assay to detect sand flies infected with TOSV and SFNV, as well as an assortment of other phleboviruses.