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Incorporation of Whole Lupin, Lupinus albus, Seed Meal in Commercial Extruded Diets for Rainbow Trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss: Effect on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, and Muscle Fatty Acid Composition
- Bórquez, Aliro S., Hernández, Adrián J., Dantagnan, Patricio, Saez, Patricio, Serrano, Edison
- Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 2011 v.42 no.2 pp. 209-221
- Lupinus albus, Oncorhynchus mykiss, animal growth, body composition, carbohydrates, crude protein, diet, digestibility, energy, extrusion, fatty acid composition, feed conversion, feed intake, feed meals, fish, histology, meat quality, muscles, omega-3 fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, proteins, proximate composition, satiety, seeds
- Whole lupin seed meal was evaluated as partial replacement for fishmeal in extruded diets for rainbow trout, with particular emphasis on the effect on growth performance and apparent digestibility coefficient (ADC) of protein, lipids, carbohydrates, and energy. Effect on muscle fatty acid composition was also evaluated. All diets were formulated to be isonitrogenous and isoenergetic and to contain approximately 45% crude protein and 5.5 kcal energy g/diet. Diets were formulated to include whole lupin seed meal at 0, 10, 15, and 20%. Triplicate groups of fish weighing 65.9 ± 15.1 g on average were fed twice a day until apparent satiation during 12 wk. Growth, feed intake, hepatosomatic index, hepatic histology, proximate composition of whole body, and muscular fatty acid profile were determined. Growth and feed utilization were similar in all treatments and whole-body composition did not vary among treatments. Polyunsaturated fatty acids of the n-6 and n-3 series remained constant in muscle as the amount of lupin in diets increased. Furthermore, the ADCs were similar among all diets. These results suggest that inclusion of whole lupin seed meal up to 20% in extruded diets for rainbow trout do not have any negative effect on growth, feed performance, or flesh quality.